The Human Lineage

Titre : The Human Lineage
Auteur : Matt Cartmill
Éditeur : John Wiley & Sons
ISBN-13 : 9781118211458
Libération : 2011-09-20

Télécharger Lire en ligne



"This textbook, aimed at advanced undergraduates and postgraduates in paleoanthropology courses, tackles a rather difficult task—that of presenting the substantial body of paleontological, genetic, geological and archaeological evidence regarding human evolution, and the associated scientific history, in a logical and readable way without sacrificing either clarity or detail... the sheer quality of the writing and explanatory synthesis in this book will undoubtedly make it a valuable resource for students for many years." —PaleoAnthropology, 2010 This book focuses on the last ten million years of human history, from the hominoid radiations to the emergence and diversification of modern humanity. It draws upon the fossil record to shed light on the key scientific issues, principles, methods, and history in paleoanthropology. The book proceeds through the fossil record of human evolution by historical stages representing the acquisition of major human features that explain the success and distinctive properties of modern Homo sapiens. Key features: Provides thorough coverage of the fossil record and sites, with data on key variables such as cranial capacity and body size estimates Offers a balanced, critical assessment of the interpretative models explaining pattern in the fossil record Each chapter incorporates a "Blind Alley" box focusing on once prevalent ideas now rejected such as the arboreal theory, seed-eating, single-species hypothesis, and Piltdown man Promotes critical thinking by students while allowing instructors flexibility in structuring their teaching Densely illustrated with informative, well-labelled anatomical drawings and photographs Includes an annotated bibliography for advanced inquiry Written by established leaders in the field, providing depth of expertise on evolutionary theory and anatomy through to functional morphology, this textbook is essential reading for all advanced undergraduate students and beginning graduate students in biological anthropology.

The Human Lineage

Titre : The Human Lineage
Auteur : CTI Reviews
Éditeur : Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN-13 : 9781478418726
Libération : 2016-10-16

Télécharger Lire en ligne



Facts101 is your complete guide to The Human Lineage. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

The Human Lineage

Titre : The Human Lineage
Auteur : Matt Cartmill
Éditeur : John Wiley & Sons
ISBN-13 : 9780471214915
Libération : 2009-03-30

Télécharger Lire en ligne



"This textbook, aimed at advanced undergraduates and postgraduates in paleoanthropology courses, tackles a rather difficult task?that of presenting the substantial body of paleontological, genetic, geological and archaeological evidence regarding human evolution, and the associated scientific history, in a logical and readable way without sacrificing either clarity or detail... the sheer quality of the writing and explanatory synthesis in this book will undoubtedly make it a valuable resource for students for many years." ?PaleoAnthropology, 2010 This book focuses on the last ten million years of human history, from the hominoid radiations to the emergence and diversification of modern humanity. It draws upon the fossil record to shed light on the key scientific issues, principles, methods, and history in paleoanthropology. The book proceeds through the fossil record of human evolution by historical stages representing the acquisition of major human features that explain the success and distinctive properties of modern Homo sapiens. Key features: Provides thorough coverage of the fossil record and sites, with data on key variables such as cranial capacity and body size estimates Offers a balanced, critical assessment of the interpretative models explaining pattern in the fossil record Each chapter incorporates a "Blind Alley" box focusing on once prevalent ideas now rejected such as the arboreal theory, seed-eating, single-species hypothesis, and Piltdown man Promotes critical thinking by students while allowing instructors flexibility in structuring their teaching Densely illustrated with informative, well-labelled anatomical drawings and photographs Includes an annotated bibliography for advanced inquiry Written by established leaders in the field, providing depth of expertise on evolutionary theory and anatomy through to functional morphology, this textbook is essential reading for all advanced undergraduate students and beginning graduate students in biological anthropology.

Human Biology

Titre : Human Biology
Auteur : Sara Stinson
Éditeur : John Wiley & Sons
ISBN-13 : 9781118108048
Libération : 2012-03-19

Télécharger Lire en ligne



This comprehensive introduction to the field of human biology covers all the major areas of the field: genetic variation, variation related to climate, infectious and non-infectious diseases, aging, growth, nutrition, and demography. Written by four expert authors working in close collaboration, this second edition has been thoroughly updated to provide undergraduate and graduate students with two new chapters: one on race and culture and their ties to human biology, and the other a concluding summary chapter highlighting the integration and intersection of the topics covered in the book.

Searching for Genomic Events Contributing to Brain Expansion in the Human Lineage

Titre : Searching for Genomic Events Contributing to Brain Expansion in the Human Lineage
Auteur : Alexander Aaron Pollen
Éditeur :
ISBN-13 : OCLC:809415903
Libération : 2012

Télécharger Lire en ligne



Understanding the genetic changes responsible for the evolution of human traits is a major goal of biology. One of the most distinctive human traits is the dramatic expansion of the forebrain that has occurred over the last six million years. Whole genome sequencing projects have identified millions of genomic differences that separate human and chimpanzee (Chimpanzee Sequencing and Analysis Consortium, 2005). However, connecting particular mutations to evolved human traits such as brain size remains challenging due to the vast number of mutations that have accumulated (Varki and Altheide 2005; Sikela, 2006). Nonetheless, recent evolutionary genetic studies are identifying the most prevalent types of genetic mechanisms contributing to evolved traits in natural populations, and studies of comparative and molecular development are providing an emerging picture for mechanisms by which human brain expansion could have occurred. By combining insights from evolutionary genetics and developmental neurobiology, this thesis aims to identify genomic differences that are particularly likely to have contributed to the evolutionary expansion of the human brain. First, this thesis provides evidence for the role of cis-regulatory mutations in the evolution of natural populations of stickleback fish. Next, this thesis describes a genomic screen we conducted identifying 510 deletions likely to remove cis-regulatory enhancers from the human genome. One of these deletions removes a developmental ventral forebrain enhancer near the tumor suppressor gene GADD45g, the loss of which may release a brake on cell division in particular regions of the brain during neurogenesis. A second deletion removes a developmental dorsolateral neocortex enhancer demonstrating the specificity by which evolution can affect particular regions of the brain. Finally, this thesis identifies a human enhancer near the gene BDNF that drives expression in the nail bed of the digit tips and the stomach, and could influence the distribution and function of mechanoreceptors.

Molecular Evolution and Phylogenetics

Titre : Molecular Evolution and Phylogenetics
Auteur : Masatoshi Nei
Éditeur : Oxford University Press
ISBN-13 : 9780199881222
Libération : 2000-07-27

Télécharger Lire en ligne



During the last ten years, remarkable progress has occurred in the study of molecular evolution. Among the most important factors that are responsible for this progress are the development of new statistical methods and advances in computational technology. In particular, phylogenetic analysis of DNA or protein sequences has become a powerful tool for studying molecular evolution. Along with this developing technology, the application of the new statistical and computational methods has become more complicated and there is no comprehensive volume that treats these methods in depth. Molecular Evolution and Phylogenetics fills this gap and present various statistical methods that are easily accessible to general biologists as well as biochemists, bioinformatists and graduate students. The text covers measurement of sequence divergence, construction of phylogenetic trees, statistical tests for detection of positive Darwinian selection, inference of ancestral amino acid sequences, construction of linearized trees, and analysis of allele frequency data. Emphasis is given to practical methods of data analysis, and methods can be learned by working through numerical examples using the computer program MEGA2 that is provided.

Molecular Biology of B Cells

Titre : Molecular Biology of B Cells
Auteur : Michael Reth
Éditeur : Academic Press
ISBN-13 : 0080479502
Libération : 2004-02-19

Télécharger Lire en ligne



Molecular Biology of B Cells is a comprehensive reference to how B cells are generated, selected, activated and engaged in antibody production. All these developmental and stimulatory processes are described in molecular and genetic terms to give a clear understanding of complex phenotyes. The molecular basis of many diseases due to B cell abnormality is also discussed. This definitive reference is directed at research level immunologists, molecular biologists and geneticists.

Genetics of Populations

Titre : Genetics of Populations
Auteur : Philip W. Hedrick
Éditeur : Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN-13 : 0763747726
Libération : 2005

Télécharger Lire en ligne



Ideal for allied health and pre-nursing students, Alcamos Fundamentals of Microbiology, Body Systems Edition, retains the engaging, student-friendly style and active learning approach for which award-winning author and educator Jeffrey Pommerville is known. It presents diseases, complete with new content on recent discoveries, in a manner that is directly applicable to students and organized by body system. A captivating art program, learning design format, and numerous case studies draw students into the text and make them eager to learn more about the fascinating world of microbiology.

Darwin s Gift

Titre : Darwin s Gift
Auteur : Francisco Ayala
Éditeur : National Academies Press
ISBN-13 : 9780309102315
Libération : 2007-04-23

Télécharger Lire en ligne



With the publication in 1859 of On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, Charles Darwin established evolution by common descent as the dominant scientific explanation for nature's diversity. This was to be his gift to science and society; at last, we had an explanation for how life came to be on Earth. Scientists agree that the evolutionary origin of animals and plants is a scientific conclusion beyond reasonable doubt. They place it beside such established concepts as the roundness of the earth, its revolution around the sun, and the molecular composition of matter. That evolution has occurred, in other words, is a fact. Yet as we approach the bicentennial celebration of Darwin's birth, the world finds itself divided over the truth of evolutionary theory. Consistently endorsed as "good science" by experts and overwhelmingly accepted as fact by the scientific community, it is not always accepted by the public, and our schools continue to be battlegrounds for this conflict. From the Tennessee trial of a biology teacher who dared to teach Darwin's theory to his students in 1925 to Tammy Kitzmiller's 2005 battle to keep intelligent design out of the Dover district schools in Pennsylvania, it's clear that we need to cut through the propaganda to quell the cacophony of raging debate. With the publication of Darwin's Gift, a voice at once fresh and familiar brings a rational, measured perspective to the science of evolution. An acclaimed evolutionary biologist with a background in theology, Francisco Ayala offers clear explanations of the science, reviews the history that led us to ratify Darwin's theories, and ultimately provides a clear path for a confused and conflicted public.

Hominid Adaptations and Extinctions

Titre : Hominid Adaptations and Extinctions
Auteur : David W. Cameron
Éditeur : UNSW Press
ISBN-13 : 086840716X
Libération : 2004

Télécharger Lire en ligne



Looking at a period of history 22 to 2.5 million years ago, this title examines the record of the Neogene fossil apes: their adaptive trends, their morphologies and their relationships to the environment, their evolution and their extinctions, to provideinsights into the evolution of our most distant and our most immediate fossil ancestors.