CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 97th Edition
Proudly serving the scientific community for over a century, this 97th edition of the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics is an update of a classic reference, mirroring the growth and direction of science. This venerable work continues to be the most accessed and respected scientific reference in the world. An authoritative resource consisting of tables of data and current international recommendations on nomenclature, symbols, and units, its usefulness spans not only the physical sciences but also related areas of biology, geology, and environmental science. The 97th edition of the Handbook includes 20 new or updated tables along with other updates and expansions. It is now also available as an eBook. This reference puts physical property data and mathematical formulas used in labs and classrooms every day within easy reach. New Tables: Surface Active Chemicals – Table of Properties of the Most Important Surfactants (Solubility, Physical Constants, Critical Micelle Concentration, Hydrophilic-Lipophilic Balance, etc.) Nanomaterial Safety Guidelines – Definition of Terms in Nanoscience; Guidelines for Safe Handling and Disposal Updated and Expanded Tables: CODATA Values of the Fundamental Physical Constants – 2014 values Standard Atomic Weights – 2015 Changes Made by IUPAC Atomic Masses and Abundances – Update of Abundances Surface Tension of Common Liquids – Addition of New Compounds and Updates Basic Instrumental Techniques of Analytical Chemistry – Expansion to Cover Colorimetry and Refractometry Bond Dissociation Energies – Addition of Recently Published Data Photon Attenuation Coefficients – Addition of Absorption Edge Data Classification of Electromagnetic Radiation – Update with Modern Terminology Astronomical Constants – Update with New Recommended Constants Solar System Properties – Updates with Newly Discovered Satellites Interstellar Molecules – Update with Complete List of Molecules Observed to Date Major World Earthquakes – Update through 2015 Atmospheric Concentration of CO2 – Update through 2015 Global Temperature Trend – Update through 2015 Abbreviations Used in the Assessment and Presentation of Laboratory Hazards – Update and Expansion Relative Dose Ranges for Ionizing Radiation – Expansion Threshold Limits for Airborne Contaminants – Update to 2015 Recommendations Chemical Carcinogens – Update to 2015 Recommendations of National Toxicology Program
Rankings and Accountability in Higher Education Uses and Misuses
The growing impact of university rankings on public policy and on students choices has stirred controversy worldwide. This unique volume brings together the architects of university rankings and their critics to debate the uses and misuses of existing rankings. With voices from five continents, it provides a comprehensive overview of current thinking on the subject and sets out alternative approaches and complementary tools for a new era of transparent and informed use of higher education ranking tables.
Biomass as Energy Source
Global energy use is approximately 140 000 TWh per year. Interestingly, biomass production amounts to approximately 270 000 TWh per year, or roughly twice as much, whereas the official figure of biomass use for energy applications is 10-13% of the global energy use. This shows that biomass is not a marginal energy resource but more than capable of meeting all our energy and food needs, provided it is used efficiently. The use of food in generating energy has been extensively debated, but there is actually no need for it given the comprehensive resources available from agriculture and forestry waste. This book discusses the biomass resources available and aspects like efficient energy use. One way of using energy efficiently is to use waste biomass or cellulosic materials in biorefineries, where production of fibers and products from fibers is combined with production of most chemicals we need in our daily life. Such products include clothes, soap, perfume, medicines etc. Conventional pulp and paper applications, bio-fuel for vehicles and even fuel for aviation as well as heat and power production are covered. The problem with biomass is not availability, but the difficulty to use the resources efficiently without harming the long-term productivity. This book covers all types of resources on a global scale, making it unique. Many researchers from all over the world have contributed to give a good coverage of all the different international perspectives. This book will provide facts and inspiration to professionals, engineers, researchers, and students as well as to those working for various authorities and organizations.
Tourism Principles Practices Philosophies 12th Edition
The 12th Edition of Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies explores major concepts in tourism, what makes tourism possible, and how tourism can become an important factor in the wealth of any nation. Written in global terms, it provides an overview of the principles, practices, and philosophies that affect the cultural, social, economic, psychological, and marketing aspects of human travel and the tourism industry. Among the topics given expanded coverage in this edition are: B&Bs, time shares, meetings and conventions, sustainable tourism, climate change, social media, and mobile marketing.
Peer to peer File Sharing and Secondary Liability in Copyright Law
This is a book that has a lot to offer. Many of its readers will benefit from the first chapters which comprehensively analyse the case law and put it in context, whilst others will benefit more from the more conceptual chapters and the criticism of certain points and suggestions for a way forward contained in them. Paul L.C. Torremans, European Intellectual Property Review This timely volume offers a comprehensive review of case law, in various jurisdictions, on secondary liability for copyright infringement, particularly P2P file sharing and online infringements. Moreover, the book includes forward-looking contributions of prominent academics from the USA and the EU, which provide original perspectives on the future shape of online copyright law, looking at questions such as whether it could or even should evolve towards a compensation system. By combining these different avenues, the book will be of particular interest to practitioners, academics, researchers and legal scholars involved in the field of copyright law.
New essays by leading scholars giving a new picture of the variety of German expressionist cinema.
e-Learning is now an essential component of education. Globalization, the proliferation of information available on the Internet and the importance of knowledge-based economies have added a whole new dimension to teaching and learning. As more tutors, students and trainees, and institutions adopt online learning there is a need for resources that will examine and inform this field. Using examples from around the world, the authors of e-Learning: Concepts and Practices provide an in-depth examination of past, present and future e-learning approaches, and explore the implications of applying e-learning in practice. Topics include: - educational evolution - enriching the learning experience - learner empowerment - design concepts and considerations - creation of e-communities - communal constructivism This book is essential reading for anyone involved in technology enhanced learning systems, whether an expert or coming new to the area. It will be of particular relevance to those involved in teaching or studying for information technology in education degrees, in training through e-learning courses and with developing e-learning resources. Bryn Holmes is an assistant professor in Education at Concordia University, Montreal and director of an Internet company, Inishnet, which offers research and consultancy in online education. John Gardner is a professor of education at Queen's University, Belfast and his main research areas include policy and practice in information and communications technology in education.
Designed to support the need of engineering, management, and other professionals for information on titanium by providing an overview of the major topics, this book provides a concise summary of the most useful information required to understand titanium and its alloys. The author provides a review of the significant features of the metallurgy and application of titanium and its alloys. All technical aspects of the use of titanium are covered, with sufficient metals property data for most users. Because of its unique density, corrosion resistance, and relative strength advantages over competing materials such as aluminum, steels, and superalloys, titanium has found a niche in many industries. Much of this use has occurred through military research, and subsequent applications in aircraft, of gas turbine engines, although more recent use features replacement joints, golf clubs, and bicycles.Contents include: A primer on titanium and its alloys, Introduction to selection of titanium alloys, Understanding titanium's metallurgy and mill products, Forging and forming, Castings, Powder metallurgy, Heat treating, Joining technology and practice, Machining, Cleaning and finishing, Structure/processing/property relationships, Corrosion resistance, Advanced alloys and future directions, Appendices: Summary table of titanium alloys, Titanium alloy datasheets, Cross-reference to titanium alloys, Listing of selected specification and standardization organizations, Selected manufacturers, suppliers, services, Corrosion data, Machining data.
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 85th Edition
Get a FREE first edition facsimile with each copy of the 85th! Researchers around the world depend upon having access to authoritative, up-to-date data. And for more than 90 years, they have relied on the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics for that data. This year is no exception. New tables, extensive updates, and added sections mean the Handbook has again set a new standard for reliability, utility, and thoroughness. This edition features a Foreword by world renowned neurologist and author Oliver Sacks, a free facsimile of the 1913 first edition of the Handbook, and thumb tabs that make it easier to locate particular data. New tables in this edition include: Index of Refraction of Inorganic Crystals Upper and Lower Azeotropic Data for Binary Mixtures Critical Solution Temperatures of Polymer Solutions Density of Solvents as a Function of Temperature By popular request, several tables omitted from recent editions are back, including Coefficients of Frictionand Miscibility of Organic Solvents. Ten other sections have been substantially revised, with some, such as the Table of the Isotopes and Thermal Conductivity of Liquids, significantly expanded. The Fundamental Physical Constants section has been updated with the latest CODATA/NIST values, and the Mathematical Tables appendix now features several new sections covering topics that include orthogonal polynomials Clebsch-Gordan coefficients, and statistics.